Document Detail

Long-term faecal carriage in infants and intra-household transmission of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae following a nosocomial outbreak.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288401     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the duration of faecal carriage of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in infants colonized during a nosocomial neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) outbreak after discharge from hospital, possible risk factors for long-term colonization and transmission to household contacts (HCs). METHODS: Fifty-one infants colonized with two unrelated clones of CTX-M-15 K. pneumoniae [sequence type (ST) 17 and ST485] during an NICU outbreak and 60 HCs provided faecal and rectal samples, respectively, every 1-3 months after hospital discharge. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains of K. pneumoniae were identified on Chrom ID ESBL agar and examined by antimicrobial susceptibility testing. bla(CTX-M-15) was detected by PCR and DNA sequencing. Clonal relationship was examined by PFGE. RESULTS: The median carriage time in infants after discharge was 12.5 months (IQR 9.5-17.5). Stable antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in PFGE-related strains confirmed the intestinal persistence of both outbreak strains. Risk factors for prolonged faecal carriage in infants were delivery by caesarean section [hazard ratio (HR) 2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.5, P = 0.029] and treatment with antibiotics during hospitalization (HR 4.5, 95% CI 1.6-12.6, P = 0.004). Transmission of CTX-M-15 K. pneumoniae was observed in 9/28 (32%) households. Median carriage length in parents was 2.5 months (IQR 1.0-5.0) (P < 0.001 compared with infants). CONCLUSIONS: Infants may be long-term faecal carriers of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae after colonization during hospitalization in the neonatal period. Delivery by caesarean section and antibiotic treatment during hospitalization are possible risk factors for prolonged carriage. Faecal ESBL carriage in infants represents a reservoir for intra-household spread of ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae.
Iren Høyland Löhr; Siren Rettedal; Olav B Natås; Umaer Naseer; Knut Oymar; Arnfinn Sundsfjord
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2091     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Antimicrob. Chemother.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513617     Medline TA:  J Antimicrob Chemother     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medical Microbiology, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.
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