Document Detail

Long term effects of closed head injuries in sport.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8272689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Closed head injury has been defined by several authors, but is not agreed upon. The incidence of closed head injury in sports is relatively small, but because the effects may be catastrophic it is an important topic. Forces may be applied to the head from different directions, which results in different types of lesions. The anatomical and physiological changes with head injury have been suggested to explain head injury outcomes. Effects on intelligence and memory have also been reported. Posture had been proposed as a model to examine the subtle effects of head injury. Vision, vestibular input, and somatosensory input are all involved in maintenance of posture. The interaction of these sensory modalities is also pertinent to posture maintenance. Somatosensory input appears to be improperly processed, while vision and vestibular input seem to compensate for lost somatosensation. Attention to regaining the somatosensory component, rather than waiting for compensation to occur, should be addressed in rehabilitation programmes.
C D Ingersoll
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0112-1642     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  1993 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-02     Completed Date:  1994-02-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Athletic Training Department, Indiana State University, Terre Haute.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Injuries / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Head Injuries, Closed / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Posture / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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