Document Detail


Long-term effects of beta-adrenergic blockade with nadolol on hepatic and renal haemodynamics and function in cirrhotics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3665396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Non-cardioselective beta-blockers are used for prevention of re-bleeding from oesophageal varices in cirrhotics with portal hypertension. Nadolol, a non-cardioselective beta-blocker with a low liposolubility and a low hepatic metabolism, has been demonstrated to decrease portal pressure in cirrhotic patients. Since cirrhotics need long-term treatment, we investigated long-term effects of beta-adrenergic blockade with nadolol on hepatic and renal haemodynamics and function in a group of patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. In 19 patients with cirrhosis, after one and six months of treatment with nadolol hepatic venous pressure gradient showed a significant and persistent decrease, averaging 19% and 22%, respectively. Hepatic function and renal haemodynamics and function remained unaffected. Oesophageal varices severity was lowered in 11/19 patients after one month, in 9/16 after six months, in 8/14 after 12 months and in 5/10 after 18 months. Our results showed that, also after long-term treatment, nadolol decreases portal pressure and, in approximately 50% of patients, oesophageal varices severity, without side-effects on liver and renal function.
Authors:
A Gatta; M Bolognesi; C Merkel; G F Finucci; P Angeli; D Sacerdoti; A Ruol
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical physiology (Oxford, England)     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0144-5979     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Physiol     Publication Date:  1987 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-12-17     Completed Date:  1987-12-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309768     Medline TA:  Clin Physiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  377-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Padua, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Humans
Hypertension, Portal / complications,  drug therapy
Liver Circulation / drug effects*
Liver Cirrhosis / complications,  physiopathology*
Male
Middle Aged
Nadolol / therapeutic use*
Renal Circulation / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
42200-33-9/Nadolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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