Document Detail


Long-term changes in transperitoneal water transport during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6514073     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
9 patients were observed prospectively during 14-40 months 003 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) treatment. From start of CAPD, each patient recorded dwell time, drained ultrafiltration volume (delta V), initial glucose concentration in dialysate, dialy fluid intake, body weight and blood pressure on a special form. These data, together with monthly values for albumin, urea, creatinin, phosphate, glucose and beta 2-microglobulin in plasma and in instilled dialysate, were later fed into a specially designed computer program to compare changes in the monthly mean (+/- SEM) values. During 5 episodes of peritonitis, daily changes in delta V were also computed. A long-term increase in delta V was found in 4 and a decrease in 5 patients. In all 9 patients delta V changed intermittently. All changes were most pronounced for long dwell times as compared to shorter dwell exchanges. The decrease in delta V started within the first 12 months of treatment. In the daily routine were aware of decreased ultrafiltration capacity in 3 patients only. Intermittent monthly changes in delta V could partly be correlated to changes in daily fluid intake. No correlations were found between long-term changes in delta V and fluid intake. All except 1 patient gained progressively in body weight, but without correlations to fluid balance, blood pressure and plasma albumin concentration. At the start of the observation period, most patients loosing delta V during this study appeared to have a more permeable membrane with a higher absorption rate of glucose and higher equilibration ratios for creatinine and beta 2-microglobulin in 5-hours drained dialysate as compared with the other patients. However, this was not statistically different between the two groups of patients. During the observation period, most patients with decreased delta V also increased transperitoneal solute transport, while the solute transport decreased in patients with increasing delta V, but these changes were only significant for some patients. During peritonitis, delta V decreased significantly 1 day before any other signs of peritonitis. All changes in delta V were most pronounced for long dwell times as compared with short dwell times. It is suggested that changes in ultrafiltration can be related to altered permeability of the peritoneal membrane, which appear earlier and more frequent than suggested by others, and any loss of delta V can be explained by a more permeable ('open') peritoneal membrane. It is also possible that different diseases act differently on the permeability of the peritoneal membrane.
Authors:
T E Wideröe; L C Smeby; S Mjåland; K Dahl; K J Berg; T Wessel Aas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephron     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0028-2766     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephron     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-02-06     Completed Date:  1985-02-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0331777     Medline TA:  Nephron     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Water / metabolism*
Cell Membrane Permeability
Female
Glucose / metabolism
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Peritoneal Dialysis* / adverse effects
Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory* / adverse effects
Peritoneum / metabolism*
Peritonitis / etiology
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
Ultrafiltration
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-99-7/Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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