Document Detail


Long-term bed rest-induced reductions in stroke volume during rest and exercise: cardiac dysfunction vs. volume depletion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15501923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Long-term head-down-tilt bed rest (HDT) causes cardiovascular deconditioning, attributed to reflex dysfunctions, plasma volume reduction, or cardiac impairments. Our objective with the present study was to evaluate the functional importance and relative contribution of these during rest and exercise in supine and upright postures. We studied six subjects before (baseline), during [days 60 (D60) and 113 (D113)], and after [recovery days 0 (R0), 3 (R3), and 15 (R15)] 120 days of -6 degrees HDT. We determined cardiac output, stroke volume (SV), mean arterial pressure, and heart rate during rest and exercise in supine and upright postures. Cardiac output and SV decreased significantly in all four conditions, but the time courses differed for rest and exercise. Upright resting SV was decreased by 24 +/- 9% at D60 compared with baseline but had recovered already at R3. Supine exercise SV decreased more slowly (by 5 +/- 8% at D60 and by 18 +/- 4% at D113) and recovered more slowly after HDT termination. Steady-state mean arterial pressure showed no changes. Heart rate had increased by 18 +/- 4% at D60 and had recovered partially at R3. Our data indicate that long-term HDT causes both a rapid, preload-dependent reduction in SV, most evident during rest in the upright position, and a more slowly developing cardiac dysfunction, most evident during supine exercise. However, the ability to maintain blood pressure and to perform sustained low levels of dynamic exercise is not influenced by HDT.
Authors:
Jonas Spaak; Stéphanie Montmerle; Patrik Sundblad; Dag Linnarsson
Related Documents :
16024523 - An open-circuit method for determining lung diffusing capacity during exercise: compari...
3680793 - Effect of head-out water immersion on cardiorespiratory response to dynamic exercise.
23190593 - Sustained cycling exercise increases intracortical inhibition.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-10-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-14     Completed Date:  2005-05-24     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  648-54     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Sect. of Environmental Physiology, Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Jonas.Spaak@fyfa.ki.se
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology
Adult
Bed Rest / methods*
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Exercise Test
Female
Head-Down Tilt
Humans
Male
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Rest / physiology*
Stroke Volume / physiology*
Ventricular Function, Left

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Attenuation of T-lymphocyte demargination and adhesion molecule expression in response to moderate e...
Next Document:  Pressure-induced smooth muscle cell depolarization in pulmonary arteries from control and chronicall...