Document Detail


Long-term almond supplementation without advice on food replacement induces favourable nutrient modifications to the habitual diets of free-living individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15469659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epidemiological and metabolic studies have shown that regular nut consumption may protect against risk of heart disease and diabetes. None has investigated the effect of adding nuts to a self-selected habitual diet (containing little or no nuts) on dietary patterns. The present study evaluated the impact of long-term almond supplementation in healthy men (n 43) and women (n 38) aged 25-70 years on nutrient profile and nutrient displacement. All subjects were followed for 1 year. During the first 6 months, subjects followed their habitual diets; in the second 6 months, subjects added almonds to their diets. Diets were assessed by seven random 24 h telephone diet recalls during each diet period. On average, the almond supplement was 52 g/d (about forty-two nuts) containing 1286 kJ. When subjects changed from their habitual diet to the almond-supplemented diet, the intakes of MUFA, PUFA, fibre, vegetable protein, alpha-tocopherol, Cu and Mg significantly (P<0.05) increased by 42, 24, 12, 19, 66, 15 and 23% respectively; the intakes of trans fatty acids, animal protein, Na, cholesterol and sugars significantly (P<0.05) decreased by 14, 9, 21, 17 and 13% respectively. These spontaneous nutrient changes closely match the dietary recommendations to prevent cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. Displacement estimates for total energy, total protein, total fat, SFA, MUFA, PUFA, total fibre, Ca, Fe, Mg, P, K, Zn and alpha-tocopherol ranged from 16 to 98%; the estimates for total food weight, carbohydrate, sugars and Se were >245%. A daily supplement of almonds can induce favourable nutrient modifications for chronic disease prevention to an individual's habitual diet.
Authors:
Karen Jaceldo-Siegl; Joan Sabaté; Sujatha Rajaram; Gary E Fraser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-07     Completed Date:  2004-11-01     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  533-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA. kjaceldo@sph.llu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Cholesterol / administration & dosage
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Dietary Supplements*
Fatty Acids / administration & dosage
Female
Food Habits*
Humans
Male
Micronutrients / administration & dosage
Middle Aged
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Prunus*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Micronutrients; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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