Document Detail

Long-term impact of integration of household water treatment and hygiene promotion with antenatal services on maternal water treatment and hygiene practices in Malawi.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23243106     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A clinic-based program to integrate antenatal services with distribution of hygiene kits including safe water storage containers, water treatment solution (brand name WaterGuard), soap, and hygiene education, was implemented in Malawi in 2007 and evaluated in 2010. We surveyed 389 participants at baseline in 2007, and found and surveyed 232 (60%) participants to assess water treatment, test stored drinking water for residual chlorine (an objective measure of treatment), and observe handwashing technique at follow-up in 2010. Program participants were more likely to know correct water treatment procedures (67% versus 36%; P < 0.0001), treat drinking water with WaterGuard (24% versus 2%; P < 0.0001), purchase and use WaterGuard (21% versus 1%; P < 0.001), and demonstrate correct handwashing technique (50% versus 21%; P < 0.001) at the three-year follow-up survey than at baseline. This antenatal-clinic-based program may have contributed to sustained water treatment and proper handwashing technique among program participants.
Anagha Loharikar; Elizabeth Russo; Anandi Sheth; Manoj Menon; Amose Kudzala; Blessius Tauzie; Humphreys D Masuku; Tracy Ayers; Robert M Hoekstra; Robert Quick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-12-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-07     Completed Date:  2013-04-01     Revised Date:  2014-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  267-74     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Chlorine / metabolism
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Collection
Family Characteristics*
Follow-Up Studies
Hand Disinfection / methods
Health Promotion*
Hygiene / standards*
Middle Aged
Soaps / metabolism
Socioeconomic Factors
Water Purification / methods*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Soaps; 4R7X1O2820/Chlorine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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