Document Detail


Long-term exercise training in overweight adolescents improves plasma peptide YY and resistin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19247279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of long-term exercise training on concentrations of five hormones related to appetite and insulin resistance in overweight adolescents. In addition, we were interested in the relationships of these hormones with each other and with anthropometric and/or cardiovascular disease marker changes. Participants were >or=the 85th percentile for BMI for age and sex and participated in an 8-month supervised aerobic training program. Anthropometrics, cardiovascular fitness assessment, and fasting blood samples were taken pre- and post-training. Glucose, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, leptin, active ghrelin, total peptide YY (PYY), adiponectin, and resistin concentrations were measured. The participants increased their time to exhaustion on an incremental treadmill test and decreased both percent body fat and blood triglyceride concentrations. Total PYY concentration increased and resistin concentration decreased after long-term exercise training, which are favorable outcomes. Leptin concentrations were related to weight, percent body fat, waist circumference, and triglyceride concentrations pre- and post-training. The changes in resistin concentrations were related to the changes in triglyceride concentrations. We conclude that long-term exercise training has beneficial effects for overweight adolescents with respect to PYY and resistin, hormones related to appetite and insulin sensitivity.
Authors:
Terry E Jones; J L Basilio; P M Brophy; M R McCammon; R C Hickner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-02-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1930-7381     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-08     Completed Date:  2009-07-23     Revised Date:  2013-12-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1189-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adiponectin / blood
Adiposity
Adolescent
Appetite*
Biological Markers / blood
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood,  etiology,  prevention & control
Exercise Therapy*
Exercise Tolerance
Female
Ghrelin / blood
Humans
Insulin / blood
Insulin Resistance*
Leptin / blood
Male
Overweight / blood,  complications,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Peptide YY / blood*
Resistin / blood*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Triglycerides / blood
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01DK071081-01/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK071081/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/ADIPOQ protein, human; 0/Adiponectin; 0/Biological Markers; 0/Blood Glucose; 0/GHRL protein, human; 0/Ghrelin; 0/Insulin; 0/Leptin; 0/RETN protein, human; 0/Resistin; 0/Triglycerides; 106388-42-5/Peptide YY
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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