Document Detail


Long-term (3-month) effects of a new beta-blocker (nebivolol) on cardiac performance in dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8096228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the long-term (3-month) effects of nebivolol, a new beta-adrenergic blocking agent, on cardiac performance in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. BACKGROUND: Several beta-blocking drugs have been reported to have a beneficial hemodynamic effect in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, but few data obtained in a placebo-controlled randomized study have addressed the mechanisms of improvement. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with dilated idiopathic (n = 22) or ischemic (n = 2) cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction 0.15 to 0.40) in stable New York Heart Association functional class II or III were entered into a double-blind randomized trial of nebivolol, a new, potent, selective beta 1-antagonist. Exercise time, invasive hemodynamic data (12- and 24-h monitoring) and variables of left ventricular function were examined at baseline and after 3 months of orally administered nebivolol (1 to 5 mg/day, n = 11) or placebo (n = 13). RESULTS: Heart rate decreased (group mean 85 to 71 beats/min vs. 87 to 87 beats/min with placebo) and stroke volume increased significantly (group mean 43 to 55 ml vs. 42 to 43 ml) with nebivolol; decreases in systemic resistance, systemic arterial pressure, wedge pressure and pulmonary artery pressure were not significantly different from those with placebo. Similar hemodynamic results were obtained in the catheterization laboratory. Analysis of high fidelity measurements of left ventricular pressure showed a decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure in the nebivolol group (group mean 21 to 15 vs. 24 to 20 mm Hg with placebo) but no change in the maximal rate of pressure development or in two variables of left ventricular relaxation (maximal negative rate of change of left ventricular pressure [dP/dtmax] and the time constant tau). Left ventricular mass decreased (p = 0.04). Despite a decrease in heart rate with nebivolol, there was a slight decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic volume (p = NS). End-systolic volume tended to decrease (p = 0.07) despite no reduction in end-systolic stress. The net result was a significant increase in ejection fraction (group mean 0.23 to 0.33 vs. 0.21 to 0.23 with placebo), presumably as a result of an increase in contractile performance. This effect was corroborated by an increase in a relatively load-independent variable of myocardial performance. CONCLUSIONS: Nebivolol improved stroke volume, ejection fraction and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, not through a measurable reduction in afterload or a lusitropic effect, but by improving systolic contractile performance.
Authors:
T Wisenbaugh; I Katz; J Davis; R Essop; J Skoularigis; S Middlemost; C R?thlisberger; D Skudicky; P Sareli
Related Documents :
2438948 - Contractility-dependent curvilinearity of end-systolic pressure-volume relations.
8138328 - Assessment of regional myocardial performance with end-systolic pressure length and thi...
40438 - Permanent changes of ventricular contractility and compliance in chronic volume overload.
4618578 - A new method for measurement of right ventricular residual ratio using 121i-maa.
1643948 - Elevated pulmonary artery systolic storage volume associated with improved ventilation-...
8421958 - Effects of acute isotonic saline administration on serum osmolality, serum electrolytes...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1993 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-29     Completed Date:  1993-04-29     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1094-100     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiology Department, Baragwanath Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Adult
Benzopyrans / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Double-Blind Method
Ethanolamines / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Exercise Tolerance / drug effects
Female
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 0/Benzopyrans; 0/Ethanolamines; 99200-09-6/nebivolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Localization of tyrosine hydroxylase in neuronal targets and efferents of the area postrema in the n...
Next Document:  Nicotinic and muscarinic synaptic transmission in canine intracardiac ganglion cells innervating the...