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Long noncoding RNA CCAT1, which could be activated by c-Myc, promotes the progression of gastric carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23143645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have functional roles in cancer biology and are deregulated in many tumors. The specific aim of this study was to determine the role of a long noncoding RNA CCAT1 in the progression of gastric carcinoma and discover which factors contribute to the deregulation of CCAT1. METHODS: A computational screen of CCAT1 promoter was conducted to search for transcription-factor-binding sites. The association of c-Myc with the CCAT1 promoter in vivo was tested by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. CCAT1 promoter activities were examined by luciferase reporter assay. The function of the c-Myc binding site in the CCAT1 promoter region was tested by a promoter assay with nucleotide substitutions in the putative E-box. The effect of CCAT1 on gastric carcinoma cell proliferation and migration was tested using in vitro cell proliferation and migration assays. RESULTS: CCAT1 levels were markedly increased in gastric carcinoma tissues compared with normal tissues. c-Myc directly binds to the E-box element in the promoter region of CCAT1, and when ectopically expressed increased promoter activity and expression of CCAT1. Nucleotide substitutions in the E-box element in the promoter region abrogated c-Myc-dependent promoter activation. The expression of CCAT1 and c-Myc shows strong association in gastric carcinomas. Moreover, abnormally expressed CCAT1 promotes cell proliferation and migration. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that c-Myc induction of CCAT1 holds an important role in gastric carcinoma and implicate the potential application of CCAT1 in the treatment of gastric carcinoma.
Feng Yang; Xuchao Xue; Jianwei Bi; Luming Zheng; Kangkang Zhi; Yan Gu; Guoen Fang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1335     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902060     Medline TA:  J Cancer Res Clin Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Zhizaoju Road No. 639, Shanghai, 200011, China.
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