Document Detail


Long-chain conversion of [13C]linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid in response to marked changes in their dietary intake in men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15576848     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied the long-chain conversion of [U-13C]alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA) and responses of erythrocyte phospholipid composition to variation in the dietary ratios of 18:3n-3 (ALA) and 18:2n-6 (LA) for 12 weeks in 38 moderately hyperlipidemic men. Diets were enriched with either flaxseed oil (FXO; 17 g/day ALA, n=21) or sunflower oil (SO; 17 g/day LA, n=17). The FXO diet induced increases in phospholipid ALA (>3-fold), 20:5n-3 [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), >2-fold], and 22:5n-3 [docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), 50%] but no change in 22:6n-3 [docosahexanoic acid (DHA)], LA, or 20:4n-6 [arachidonic acid (AA)]. The increases in EPA and DPA but not DHA were similar to those in subjects given the SO diet enriched with 3 g of EPA plus DHA from fish oil (n=19). The SO diet induced a small increase in LA but no change in AA. Long-chain conversion of [U-13C]ALA and [U-13C]LA, calculated from peak plasma 13C concentrations after simple modeling for tracer dilution in subsets from the FXO (n=6) and SO (n=5) diets, was similar but low for the two tracers (i.e., AA, 0.2%; EPA, 0.3%; and DPA, 0.02%) and varied directly with precursor concentrations and inversely with concentrations of fatty acids of the alternative series. [13C]DHA formation was very low (<0.01%) with no dietary influences.
Authors:
Nahed Hussein; Eric Ah-Sing; Paul Wilkinson; Clare Leach; Bruce A Griffin; D Joe Millward
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-12-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of lipid research     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0022-2275     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Lipid Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-03     Completed Date:  2005-07-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376606     Medline TA:  J Lipid Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arachidonic Acid / metabolism
Area Under Curve
Chromatography, Gas
Diet*
Docosahexaenoic Acids / metabolism
Eicosapentaenoic Acid / metabolism
Erythrocytes / metabolism*
Fatty Acids / metabolism
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism
Humans
Linoleic Acid / chemistry*
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Biological
Phospholipids / blood*,  metabolism
Risk
Time Factors
alpha-Linolenic Acid / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 0/Phospholipids; 1553-41-9/Eicosapentaenoic Acid; 2197-37-7/Linoleic Acid; 25167-62-8/Docosahexaenoic Acids; 25448-00-4/docosapentaenoic acid; 463-40-1/alpha-Linolenic Acid; 506-32-1/Arachidonic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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