Document Detail


Long-Term Safety and Effectiveness of Drug-Eluting Stents Compared to Bare Metal Stents following Successful PCI in Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Findings from the Guthrie Health Off-Label StenT (GHOST) Registry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21981467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background:  The long-term safety and effectiveness of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare metal stents (BMS) in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) beyond 2 years after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. Methods:  We studied 674 NSTEMI patients who underwent successful PCI with DES (n = 323) or BMS (n = 351). The primary study end-points were time to occurrence of death or nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), and stent thrombosis (ST). Secondary end-points included time to occurrence of target vessel revascularization (TVR) and any major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE, defined as the composite of death, MI, ST, TVR). Results:  The DES and BMS groups were well matched except that DES patients received dual antiplatelet therapy for a longer duration and had smaller final vessel diameter. In survival analysis, at a mean follow-up of 1333 ± 659 days after PCI, the DES group had similar incidence of death/myocardial infarction (24% vs. 27%, log rank p = 0.23) and ST (4.0% vs. 2.6%, p = 0.18) as the BMS group. The DES patients had lower incidence of TVR (8.1% vs. 17%, p = 0.0018) but similar MACE (26% vs. 37%, p = 0.31). In multivariable analysis, DES vs. BMS implantation showed no significant impact on death/myocardial infarction [adjusted hazards ratio (HR) 1.0, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.7-1.4], ST (HR 1.7; CI 0.7 - 4.0), or MACE (HR 0.8; CI 0.6 - 1.1). However, TVR was lower in the DES group (HR 0.4; CI 0.3 - 0.7). Conclusion:  In patients presenting with NSTEMI, DES implantation appears to be as safe as BMS implantation at long-term follow-up. In addition, DES are effective in reducing TVR compared to BMS. (J Interven Cardiol 2011;**:1-9).
Authors:
Kishore J Harjai; Sudhakar Sattur; Pamela Orshaw; Judy Boura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of interventional cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8183     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907826     Medline TA:  J Interv Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Guthrie Clinic, Sayre, Pennsylvania.
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