Document Detail

Long-Term Results of Botulinum Toxin-Augmented Medial Rectus Recessions for Large-Angle Infantile Esotropia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21996305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of medial rectus recessions augmented by botulinum toxin injection for treating infants with large-angle (> 60 prism diopters [PD]) infantile esotropia. DESIGN: Interventional case series. METHODS: Settings: Hospital-based clinical practice. Patient population: Twenty-three patients with large-angle infantile esotropia who were followed for at least 2 years postoperatively. Intervention: Surgical treatment with botulinum toxin in addition to bilateral medial rectus muscle recessions. The preoperative findings, treatment, and outcomes were reviewed. Main outcome measures: Surgery was considered successful if the patients did not require additional horizontal strabismus surgery and had less than 10 PD of horizontal deviation. RESULTS: The age at surgery ranged from 4 to 36 months (mean 14.5 months) and the angle of esotropia ranged from 65 to 100 PD (mean 72 PD). Treatment was successful in 17of 23 patients (74%), with follow-up of 2 to 13 years (mean 6.6 years). CONCLUSION: Botulinum toxin-augmented medial rectus recession is an effective treatment for large-angle infantile esotropia, with stable results over time.
Gregg T Lueder; Marlo Galli; Lawrence Tychsen; Cem Yildirim; Victor Pegado
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1891     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370500     Medline TA:  Am J Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences and Pediatrics, St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
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