Document Detail

Long-term prognosis for childhood constipation: clinical outcomes in adulthood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20530072     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study examines long-term prognoses for children with constipation in adulthood and identifies prognostic factors associated with clinical outcomes. METHODS: In a Dutch tertiary hospital, children (5-18 years of age) who were diagnosed as having functional constipation were eligible for inclusion. After a 6-week treatment protocol, prospective follow-up evaluations were conducted at 6 and 12 months and annually thereafter. Good clinical outcomes were defined as > or =3 bowel movements per week for > or =4 weeks, with < or =2 fecal incontinence episodes per month, irrespective of laxative use. RESULTS: A total of 401 children (260 boys; median age: 8 years [interquartile range: 6-9 years]) were included, with a median follow-up period of 11 years (interquartile range: 9-13 years). The dropout rate during follow-up was 15%. Good clinical outcomes were achieved by 80% of patients at 16 years of age. Thereafter, this proportion remained constant at 75%. Poor clinical outcomes at adult age were associated with: older age at onset (odds ratio [OR]: 1.15 [95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.30]; P = .04), longer delay between onset and first visit to our outpatient clinic (OR: 1.24 [95% CI: 1.10-1.40]; P = .001), and lower defecation frequency at study entry (OR: 0.92 [95% CI: 0.84-1.00]; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: One-fourth of children with functional constipation continued to experience symptoms at adult age. Certain risk factors for poor clinical outcomes in adulthood were identified. Referral to a specialized clinic should be considered at an early stage for children who are unresponsive to first-line treatment.
Marloes E J Bongers; Michiel P van Wijk; Johannes B Reitsma; Marc A Benninga
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-02     Completed Date:  2010-07-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e156-62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Combined Modality Therapy
Confidence Intervals
Constipation / diagnosis*,  therapy*
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Laxatives / therapeutic use*
Risk Assessment
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Factors
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  A Comparison of Cooling Methods Used in Therapeutic Hypothermia for Perinatal Asphyxia.
Next Document:  Respiratory morbidity and lung function in preterm infants of 32 to 36 weeks' gestational age.