Document Detail


Long-term horizontal vocal directivity of opera singers: effects of singing projection and acoustic environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20728309     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Vocal directivity refers to how directional the sound is that comes from a singer's mouth, that is, whether the sound is focused into a narrow stream of sound projecting in front of the singers or whether it is spread out all around the singer. This study investigates the long-term vocal directivity and acoustic power of professional opera singers and how these vary among subjects, among singing projections, and among vastly different acoustic environments. The vocal sound of eight professional opera singers (six females and two males) was measured in anechoic and reverberant rooms and in a recital hall. Subjects sang in four different ways: (1) paying great attention to intonation; (2) singing as in performance, with all the emotional connection intended by the composer; (3) imagining a large auditorium; and (4) imagining a small theatre. The same song was sung by all singers in all conditions. A head and torso simulator (HATS), radiating sound from its mouth, was used for comparison in all situations. Results show that individual singers have quite consistent long-term average directivity, even across conditions. Directivity varies substantially among singers. Singers are more directional than the standard HATS (which is a physical model of a talking person). The singer's formant region of the spectrum exhibits greater directivity than the lower-frequency range, and results indicate that singers control directivity (at least, incidentally) for different singing conditions as they adjust the spectral emphasis of their voices through their formants.
Authors:
Densil Cabrera; Pamela J Davis; Anna Connolly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1873-4588     ISO Abbreviation:  J Voice     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  2012-03-15     Revised Date:  2013-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712262     Medline TA:  J Voice     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e291-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The Voice Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. densil.cabrera@sydney.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustics*
Environment
Female
Humans
Male
Music
Phonation*
Speech Acoustics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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