Document Detail

Locomotion evaluation for racing in thoroughbreds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11721580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The potential racing and locomotory profile of a Thoroughbred yearling should be taken into account for its training programme and racing career. A gait test has been designed to assist the trainer in this task. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal and kinetic locomotory variables of Thoroughbreds at the gallop, in relationship to their racing ability. Thirty Thoroughbred horses in race training were tested at maximal speed during a training session. The training exercise consisted of a warming-up session at trot and canter for 10 min followed by a gallop session at increasing speed on a dirt track 1942 m long. The maximal speed was measured for the last 800 m before the finishing post. An acclerometric device attached to the girth provided quantitative information about the kinetic and temporal variables of the gallop such as: stride length (SL), stride frequency (SF), times elapsed between each hoof midstance phase (HIND, DIAGO, FORE), regularity of the strides (REG), mean vector of propulsion (VPROP), energy of propulsion (EPROP) and energy of loading (ELOAD). The performance records (number of wins, placings and average earning/start [PERF]) were used to analyse the relationship with the gait measurements. The mean maximum speed was 15.26 m/s. Several locomotory variables were significantly (P < 0.05) correlated to the gallop speed: SL (0.90), SF (0.75), DIAGO (0.42), REG (-0.47), VPROP (0.52), ELOAD (0.56) and EPROP (0.65). There were significant correlations between PERF and the following gait variables: REG (0.79), DIAGO (0.43), SF (0.42), SL (-0.32) and ELOAD (-0.40). The horses that won short distance races (< 1400 m) had a larger relative ground contact duration and higher stride frequency than horses that won in longer distance races. The gait test was easy to perform and provided useful locomotory variables that may be used to evaluate the racing ability of the Thoroughbreds in training.
E Barrey; S E Evans; D L Evans; R A Curtis; R Quinton; R J Rose
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Equine veterinary journal. Supplement     Volume:  -     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Equine Vet J Suppl     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-27     Completed Date:  2002-01-03     Revised Date:  2007-05-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9614088     Medline TA:  Equine Vet J Suppl     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  99-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Station de Génétique Quantitative et Appliquée, Groupe Cheval, 78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Test / veterinary*
Gait / physiology
Horses / physiology*
Locomotion / physiology
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Running / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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