Document Detail

Loci of achromatic points throughout the life span.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8350147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Mixtures of monochromatic lights that appear achromatic were measured for 50 normal, trichromatic observers ranging in age from 11 to 78 years. Stimuli were presented to one eye as a 1 degree-diameter, 1-s flash (10-s interstimulus interval) in Maxwellian view. We found the achromatic locus by varying the intensity ratio of each observer's spectral unique blue and unique yellow while maintaining constant overall retinal illuminance. Measurements were made for three levels of retinal illuminance (10, 100, 1000 trolands). Additional verification of the position of the achromatic locus in color space was obtained for 23 subjects with the use of a mixture composed of 600-nm light and its spectral complement. There were no significant changes in the achromatic loci as a function of age. The mean achromatic locus in CIE chromaticity space was x, y = 0.31, 0.31 or u',v' = 0.21, 0.46. These results suggest that partial compensation for age-related changes in visual mechanisms occurs in a way that preserves constancy of the achromatic locus across the life span.
J S Werner; B E Schefrin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics and image science     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0740-3232     ISO Abbreviation:  J Opt Soc Am A     Publication Date:  1993 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-13     Completed Date:  1993-09-13     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8402086     Medline TA:  J Opt Soc Am A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1509-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309-0345.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Color Perception / physiology*
Middle Aged
Photoreceptor Cells / physiology
Regression Analysis
Sensory Thresholds
Grant Support

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