Document Detail

Local release of ATP into the arterial inflow and venous drainage of human skeletal muscle: insight from ATP determination with the intravascular microdialysis technique.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21300753     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intraluminal ATP could play an important role in the local regulation of skeletal muscle blood flow, but the stimuli that cause ATP release and the levels of plasma ATP in vessels supplying and draining human skeletal muscle remain unclear. To gain insight into the mechanisms by which ATP is released into plasma, we measured plasma [ATP] with the intravascular microdialysis technique at rest and during dynamic exercise (normoxia and hypoxia), passive exercise, thigh compressions and arterial ATP, tyramine and ACh infusion in a total of 16 healthy young men. Femoral arterial and venous [ATP] values were 109 ± 34 and 147 ± 45 nmol l(−1) at rest and increased to 363 ± 83 and 560 ± 111 nmol l(−1), respectively, during exercise (P < 0.05), whereas these values did not increase when exercise was performed with the other leg. Hypoxia increased venous plasma [ATP] at rest compared to normoxia (P < 0.05), but not during exercise. Arterial ATP infusion (≤1.8 μmol min(−1) increased arterial plasma [ATP] from 74 ± 17 to 486 ± 82 nmol l(−1) (P < 0.05), whereas it remained unchanged in the femoral vein at ∼150 nmol l(−1). Both arterial and venous plasma [ATP] decreased during acetylcholine infusion (P < 0.05). Rhythmic thigh compressions increased arterial and venous plasma [ATP] compared to baseline conditions, whereas these values did not change during passive exercise or tyramine infusion. These results demonstrate that ATP is released locally into arterial and venous plasma during exercise and during hypoxia at rest. Compression of the vascular system could contribute to the increase during exercise whereas there appears to be little ATP release in response to increased blood flow, vascular stretch or sympathetic ATP release. Furthermore, the half-life of arterially infused ATP is <1 s.
Stefan P Mortensen; Pia Thaning; Michael Nyberg; Bengt Saltin; Ylva Hellsten
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-02-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  589     ISSN:  1469-7793     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-13     Completed Date:  2011-08-24     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1847-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Rigshospitalet, Section 7652, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Acetylcholine / administration & dosage
Adenosine Triphosphate / blood*,  metabolism*
Anoxia / blood
Exercise / physiology
Femoral Artery
Femoral Vein
Infusions, Intra-Arterial
Microdialysis / methods
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / blood supply*,  physiology
Tyramine / administration & dosage
Vasodilation / physiology
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
51-67-2/Tyramine; 51-84-3/Acetylcholine; 56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate

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