Document Detail


Local cooling reduces skin ischemia under surface pressure in rats: an assessment by wavelet analysis of laser Doppler blood flow oscillations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23010955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of local cooling on skin blood flow response to prolonged surface pressure and to identify associated physiological controls mediating these responses using the wavelet analysis of blood flow oscillations in rats. Twelve Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three protocols, including pressure with local cooling (Δt = -10 °C), pressure with local heating (Δt = 10 °C) and pressure without temperature changes. Pressure of 700 mmHg was applied to the right trochanter area of rats for 3 h. Skin blood flow was measured using laser Doppler flowmetry. The 3 h loading period was divided into non-overlapping 30 min epochs for the analysis of the changes of skin blood flow oscillations using wavelet spectral analysis. The wavelet amplitudes and powers of three frequencies (metabolic, neurogenic and myogenic) of skin blood flow oscillations were calculated. The results showed that after an initial loading period of 30 min, skin blood flow continually decreased under the conditions of pressure with heating and of pressure without temperature changes, but maintained stable under the condition of pressure with cooling. Wavelet analysis revealed that stable skin blood flow under pressure with cooling was attributed to changes in the metabolic and myogenic frequencies. This study demonstrates that local cooling may be useful for reducing ischemia of weight-bearing soft tissues that prevents pressure ulcers.
Authors:
Yih-Kuen Jan; Bernard Lee; Fuyuan Liao; Robert D Foreman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiological measurement     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1361-6579     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol Meas     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  2013-03-28     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306921     Medline TA:  Physiol Meas     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1733-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA. yjan@illinois.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Hot Temperature
Ischemia / therapy*
Laser-Doppler Flowmetry / methods*
Male
Pressure*
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Regional Blood Flow
Skin / blood supply*
Skin Temperature
Surface Properties
Temperature*
Time Factors
Wavelet Analysis*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P20 GM103447/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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