Document Detail

Local anesthesia for inguinal hernia repair step-by-step procedure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7986138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The authors introduce a simple six-step infiltration technique that results in satisfactory local anesthesia and prolonged postoperative analgesia, requiring a maximum of 30 to 40 mL of local anesthetic solution. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: For the last 20 years, more than 12,000 groin hernia repairs have been performed under local anesthesia at the Lichtenstein Hernia Institute. Initially, field block was the mean of achieving local anesthesia. During the last 5 years, a simple infiltration technique has been used because the field block was more time consuming and required larger volume of the local anesthetic solution. Furthermore, because of the blind nature of the procedure, it did not always result in satisfactory anesthesia and, at times, accidental needle puncture of the ilioinguinal nerve resulted in prolonged postoperative pain, burning, or electric shock sensation within the field of the ilioinguinal nerve innervation. METHODS: More than 12,000 patients underwent operations in a private practice setting in general hospitals. RESULTS: For 2 decades, more than 12,000 adult patients with reducible groin hernias satisfactorily underwent operations under local anesthesia without complications. CONCLUSIONS: The preferred choice of anesthesia for all reducible adult inguinal hernia repair is local. It is safe, simple, effective, and economical, without postanesthesia side effects. Furthermore, local anesthesia administered before the incision produces longer postoperative analgesia because local infiltration, theoretically, inhibits build-up of local nociceptive molecules and, therefore, there is better pain control in the postoperative period.
P K Amid; A G Shulman; I L Lichtenstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of surgery     Volume:  220     ISSN:  0003-4932     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Surg.     Publication Date:  1994 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-01-05     Completed Date:  1995-01-05     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372354     Medline TA:  Ann Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  735-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, Lichtenstein Hernia Institute, Harbor-UCLA Research and Education Institute.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Local / methods*
Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage
Hernia, Inguinal / surgery*
Surgical Procedures, Operative / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local

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