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Local anaesthetic wound infiltration after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial in 33 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21484739     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Pain control may assist early mobilisation after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. Systemic opioids have significant side effects in elderly patients. We present an evaluation of the effect of local anaesthetic infiltration in such cases , the objective being to decrease the need for postoperative opioids and to improve pain control for patients after surgery. 33 patients undergoing internal fixation with 2 parallel hook pins were randomized into 2 groups in a double blind study ( NCT00529425). 33 patients received intraoperative infiltration followed by 6 postoperative injections through an intraarticular catheter in eight-hour intervals. 19 patients received ropivacaine and 14 received saline. The intervention period was 48 hours and the observation period was 5 days. In both groups there were no restrictions on the total daily dose of rescue analgesics. Pain was assessed at specific postoperative time-points and the daily consumption of opioid drugs needed for analgesia was registered. There was no significantly reduced consumption of standardized opioid rescue analgesics or pain in the study group receiving ropivacaine injections. Apart from a reduction in nausea in the study group on the second postoperative day, there were no significant differences in the occurrence of side effects between the groups. On day 2 the placebo group had less pain than the study group. Local anaesthetic infiltration after fixation of femoral neck fractures does not reduce opioid consumption or pain'.
Rune D Bech; Jens Lauritsen; Ole Ovesen; Claus Emmeluth; Peter Lindholm; Søren Overgaard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hip international : the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1724-6067     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200413     Medline TA:  Hip Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark - Denmark.
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