Document Detail


Local Versus Epidural Anesthesia in Fast-Track Abdominal Aortic Surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23273683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate a possible alternative to epidural anesthesia/analgesia. The authors compared thoracic epidural anesthesia/analgesia with continuous wound infiltration anesthesia/analgesia in patients scheduled for mini-invasive abdominal aortic surgery in a fast-track setting. DESIGN: A prospective randomized study. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients undergoing fast-track abdominal aortic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: The authors compared thoracic epidural infusion (the PERI group) with continuous local wound infiltration (the LOC group) for anesthesia/analgesia. Pain scores, the resumption of oral feeding, the resumption of ambulation, the day of discharge, and postoperative complications in the immediate (ie, 30 days) and long-term periods (ie, 2 years) were evaluated. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pain scores were low in both groups. The intraoperative LOC group needed higher doses of anesthetic/analgesic drugs. The postoperative LOC group needed significantly higher doses of bupivacaine (3.9 ± 0.7 mL/h [PERI group] and 5.7 ± 1.3 mL/h [LOC group] on day 0 [p < 0.01]; 3.8 ± 0.8 mL/h [PERI group] and 5.3 ± 1 mL/h [LOC group] on day 1 [p < 0.01]). The parameters of postoperative recovery were comparable between the 2 groups in terms of the resumption of ambulation after surgery (within 3 hours), feeding (within 6 hours), the passage of stools (mean 2 days), and the median hospital stay (3 days). In the 2-year follow-up period, a difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of wound complications was not observed. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained showed good and similar pain control in the 2 groups, but the LOC group required higher doses of anesthetic/analgesic drugs. Parameters of the postoperative recovery were similar in both groups.
Authors:
Alessandra Renghi; Luca Gramaglia; Francesco Casella; Diego Moniaci; Katia Gaboli; Piero Brustia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia, University Hospital "Maggiore della Carità," Novara, Italy.
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