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Local Extension at the Hilum Region Is Associated With Worse Long-Term Survival in Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22206959     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of hilar structures invasion, which remains undefined for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), may have potential application for cancer staging. Tumor extension along the bronchus and pulmonary vessels was examined for survival significance. METHODS: In all, 213 pathologically proved central-type stage I NSCLC cases were enrolled. Four study groups were assigned based on the extent of resections: standard lobectomy (group L, n = 32), bronchoplastic procedures (group B, n = 94), standard lobectomy combined with pulmonary angioplasty (group A, n = 48), and bronchial sleeve resection combined with pulmonary artery angioplasty (group BA, n = 39). Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed by the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox regression model. RESULTS: There were 2 postoperative deaths (pulmonary embolism and serious pulmonary infection). Complications were noted in 39 patients (18.3%). Among these patients, the overall 5-year survival rate was 60.2% ± 0.05%, with a median survival time of 75.0 ± 7.5 months. The 5-year survival rates of subgroups were 79.5%, 59.7%, 59.0%, and 47.9%, respectively for groups L, B, A, and BA. Univariate analysis indicated tumor size, bronchial invasion, arterial involvement, and type of operation as closely associated with long-term survival. Multivariate analysis indicated that type of operation and tumor size were the most prominent prognostic factors of 5-year survival. CONCLUSIONS: Proximal tumor extension into bronchus, invasions into extrapericardial pulmonary vessels, and tumor size were the most important risk factors for 5-year survival with central-type stage I NSCLC. Tumor extension in the hilum was highly related to prognosis and might provide pertinent information to accurately define a tumor ("T") subclass.
Chang Chen; Fang Bao; Hui Zheng; Yi-Ming Zhou; Min-Wei Bao; Hui-Kang Xie; Ge-Ning Jiang; Jia-An Ding; Wen Gao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
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