Document Detail


Living with companion animals, physical activity and mortality in a U.S. national cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20644682     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Living with a canine companion is postulated to increase physical activity. We test the hypotheses that adults living with a canine companion have a higher level of physical activity and reduced mortality risk compared to those not living with a companion animal. A U.S. national health survey with longitudinal mortality follow-up studied 11,394 American men and women aged 40 years and over examined in 1988-1994 followed an average 8.5 years. Measurements at baseline included self-reported companion animals in the household, socio-demographics, health status, physical and biochemical measurements. Outcome measures were leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and death from all causes. Death during follow-up occurred in 3,187 persons. In bivariate cross-sectional analyses living with a dog was associated with more frequent LTPA and higher survival. In proportional hazards regression analysis, no significant interaction of age, gender or ethnicity with animals was found. After adjusting for confounding by baseline socio-demographics and health status at ages 40+, the hazards ratio (95% confidence limits) for living with a canine companion compared to no animals was 1.21(1.04-1.41, p < 0.001). After also controlling for health behaviors, blood pressure and body mass, C-reactive protein and HDL-cholesterol, the HR was 1.19 (0.97-1.47, NS). In a nationwide cohort of American adults, analyses demonstrated no lower risk of death independent of confounders among those living with canine or feline companions, despite positive association of canine companions with LTPA.
Authors:
Richard F Gillum; Thomas O Obisesan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-05-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of environmental research and public health     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1660-4601     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Environ Res Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-20     Completed Date:  2011-06-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101238455     Medline TA:  Int J Environ Res Public Health     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2452-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Howard University, 2041 Georgia Avenue, Washington, DC 20060, USA. rfg2.howard.edu@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animals
C-Reactive Protein
Cats
Cholesterol, HDL
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dogs
Female
Health Status
Health Surveys
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Leisure Activities
Male
Middle Aged
Mortality / trends*
Motor Activity*
Multivariate Analysis
Pets*
Prevalence
Proportional Hazards Models
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Survival
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG00980/AG/NIA NIH HHS; K23 AG000980/AG/NIA NIH HHS; K23 AG000980-05/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG031517/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG031517-01A2/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG031517-02/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01AG031517-0142/AG/NIA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL; 9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein
Comments/Corrections

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