Document Detail

Liver and cardiac function in the long term after Fontan operation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18573420     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Patients who underwent Fontan operation have some degree of liver disease. We aimed to assess the long-term liver and cardiac function after Fontan operation. METHODS: Patients enrolled underwent physical examination, biochemical tests (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, bilirubin, international normalized ratio, coagulation factor V, protein profile, fecal alpha-1-antitrypsin), echocardiogram, and liver ultrasonography. A liver disease score was adopted to compare the degree of liver involvement with hemodynamic features. RESULTS: The study enrolled 34 patients, median age 14.7 years (range, 4.1 to 26.7), 26 with a residual left ventricle, 8 with a residual right ventricle, affected by tricuspid atresia (17), pulmonary atresia (4), hypoplastic left heart syndrome (5), double-outlet right ventricle (2), single left ventricle (2), and miscellaneous (4), with median follow-up of 11.5 years (range, 1.7 to 23.3). We found hepatomegaly in 18 of 34 (53%), splenomegaly in 3 of 33 (9%), abnormal transaminases in 10 of 33 (30%), elevated gamma GT in 19 of 31 (61%), elevated bilirubin in 10 of 31 (32%), coagulopathy in 17 of 29 (58%), and protein-losing enteropathy in 4 of 21 (19%). Median heart rate z-score was -1.72. Hepatic dysfunction was strictly correlated to low cardiac index (r(2) = 0.34, p = 0.008) and to a lesser extent to reduced heart rate (r(2) = 0.18, p = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: In children who underwent Fontan operation, hepatic dysfunction is correlated with low cardiac index and reduced heart rate. Maintaining or reestablishing a normal cardiac index might prevent or reduce liver disease in the long-term.
Sonia Camposilvan; Ornella Milanesi; Giovanni Stellin; Andrea Pettenazzo; Lucia Zancan; Lorenzo D'Antiga
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1552-6259     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-24     Completed Date:  2008-07-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatric Hepatology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Follow-Up Studies
Fontan Procedure / adverse effects*,  methods
Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis,  surgery*
Heart Function Tests
Liver Function Tests
Postoperative Complications / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Quality of Life
Risk Assessment
Sex Distribution
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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