Document Detail


Liquid chromatographic assay based on microextraction by packed sorbent for therapeutic drug monitoring of carbamazepine, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin and the active metabolites carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide and licarbazepine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25261836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A new, sensitive and fast high-performance liquid chromatography-diode-array detection assay based on microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS/HPLC-DAD) is herein reported, for the first time, to simultaneously quantify carbamazepine (CBZ), lamotrigine (LTG), oxcarbazepine (OXC), phenobarbital (PB), phenytoin (PHT), and the active metabolites carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide (CBZ-E) and licarbazepine (LIC) in human plasma. Chromatographic separation of analytes and ketoprofen, used as internal standard (IS), was achieved in less than 15min on a C18-column, at 35°C, using acetonitrile (6%) and a mixture (94%) of water-methanol-triethylamine (73.2:26.5:0.3, v/v/v; pH 6.5) pumped at 1mL/min. The analytes and IS were detected at 215, 237 or 280nm. The method showed to be selective, accurate [bias ±14.8% (or ±17.8% in the lower limit of quantification)], precise [coefficient variation ≤9.7% (or ≤17.7% in the lower limit of quantification)] and linear (r(2)≥0.9946) over the concentration ranges of 0.1-15μg/mL for CBZ; 0.1-20μg/mL for LTG; 0.1-5μg/mL for OXC and CBZ-E; 0.2-40μg/mL for PB; 0.3-30μg/mL for PHT; and 0.4-40μg/mL for LIC. The absolute extraction recovery of the analytes ranged from 57.8 to 98.1% and their stability was demonstrated in the studied conditions. This MEPS/HPLC-DAD assay was successfully applied to real plasma samples from patients, revealing to be a cost-effective tool for routine therapeutic drug monitoring of CBZ, LTG, OXC, PB and/or PHT.
Authors:
Ana Ferreira; Márcio Rodrigues; Paula Oliveira; Joana Francisco; Ana Fortuna; Luísa Rosado; Pedro Rosado; Amílcar Falcão; Gilberto Alves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences     Volume:  971C     ISSN:  1873-376X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101139554     Medline TA:  J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  20-29     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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