Document Detail


Liposomal nanocapsules in food science and agriculture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16371329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Liposomes, spherical bilayer vesicles from dispersion of polar lipids in aqueous solvents, have been widely studied for their ability to act as drug delivery vehicles by shielding reactive or sensitive compounds prior to release. Liposome entrapment has been shown to stabilize encapsulated, bioactive materials against a range of environmental and chemical changes, including enzymatic and chemical modification, as well as buffering against extreme pH, temperature, and ionic strength changes. Liposomes have been especially useful to researchers in studies of various physiological processes as models of biological membranes in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Industrial applications include encapsulation of pharmaceuticals and therapeutics, cosmetics, anti-cancer and gene therapy drugs. In the food industry, liposomes have been used to deliver food flavors and nutrients and more recently have been investigated for their ability to incorporate food antimicrobials that could aid in the protection of food products against growth of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. In this review we briefly introduce key physicochemical properties of liposomes and review competing methods for liposome production. A survey of non-agricultural and food applications of liposomes are given. Finally, a detailed up-to-date summary of the emerging usage of liposomes in the food industry as delivery vehicles of nutrients, nutraceuticals, food additives, and food antimicrobials is provided.
Authors:
T Matthew Taylor; P Michael Davidson; Barry D Bruce; Jochen Weiss
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in food science and nutrition     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1040-8398     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-22     Completed Date:  2006-05-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8914818     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  587-605     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Tennessee, 2605 River Road, Knoxville, 37996-4591, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Capsules
Food Technology*
Food-Processing Industry / methods
Humans
Liposomes / analysis*
Particle Size
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Capsules; 0/Liposomes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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