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Lipopolysaccharide-enhanced early proliferation of insulin secreting NIT-1 cell is associated with nuclear factor-kappaB- mediated inhibition of caspase 3 cleavage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22340219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Increased levels of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) have been found in obesity and diabetes patients. This study was to investigate the effect of LPS on pancreatic beta-cell viability and the involvement of caspase 3 in NIT-1 cell line.
METHODS: Mouse insulinoma NIT-1 cells were treated with LPS for the indicated time and dose. Cell viability was measured by cell counting kit-8 reagent. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), caspase 3 and cleaved caspase 3 were detected by Western blotting. Insulin was determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA).
RESULTS: LPS promoted NIT-1 cell proliferation at 1 µg/ml, peaked at 72 hours of incubation. A reduction in cleavage of caspase 3 was observed upon LPS treatment. Bay11-7082, a specific inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, blunted LPS-induced inhibition of caspase 3 cleavage. Reduction in chronic insulin secretion was observed after treatment with LPS at 1 µg/ml for 48 and 72 hours, not for 24 hours. TLR4 protein was upregulated when NIT-1 cells were treated with LPS at 1 µg/ml for 24 hours.
CONCLUSIONS: LPS promotes early NIT-1 cell proliferation in association with NF-κB-mediated inhibition of caspase 3 cleavage. LPS exerts a time-dependent inhibitory effect on chronic insulin secretion from NIT-1 cells.
Authors:
Shan-Ying Liu; Qi-Jun Liang; Tian-Xin Lin; Xin-Lan Fan; Ying Liang; Uwe Heemann; Yan Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3652-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Center of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120, China.
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