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Lipoic acid and moderate swimming improves the estrous cycle and oxidative stress in Wistar rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21980960     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The generation of reactive oxygen species resulting from physical activity may trigger adaptive processes at the reproductive level and in the antioxidant defense system itself. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate daily swimming and lipoic acid (LA) supplementation on estrous cycle duration and pro-oxident and antioxidant markers in young Wistar rats. Animals were submitted to daily swimming (for 1 h) for 30 days, between 1300 h and 1400 h. The following study groups were formed: group 1, sedentary; group 2, submitted to swimming; group 3, sedentary supplemented with 100 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) of LA; and group 4, submitted to swimming and supplementation with 100 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) of LA. The estrous cycle of the animals was evaluated daily, and the following oxidative stress markers were measured: plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and glutathione (GSH), erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), GSH peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT) activity. The exercise protocol increased estrous cycle duration in group 2, especially in the diestrous phase. There was also a decrease in lipoperoxidation, with enhanced antioxidant activity of SOD and GPx. Group 4 showed no alteration in estrous cycle duration and maintained the beneficial effects on the antioxidant system observed in group 2. The increase in estrous cycle duration and improved oxidative stress markers may be an adaptive response to moderate exercise. LA impeded any exercise-induced alteration in the cycle but preserved improvements in the antioxidant system.
Authors:
Rand Randall Martins; Ulisvaldo Brunno de Oliveira Macedo; Lúcia Dantas Leite; Adriana Augusto Rezende; José Brandão-Neto; Maria das Graças Almeida
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Department of Clinical Analysis and Toxicology, UFRN, Natal, RN, CEP 59012-570, Brazil.
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