Document Detail


Lipid and fatty acid contents in red tides from tropical fish ponds of the coastal water of South China Sea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8724878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Microplanktonic red tide blooms (dominated by dinoflagellates) were observed in brackish water fish ponds of Terengganu between March 1992 to January 1993. The first short-lived bloom (2-3 days) occurred in October 1992 while the second long-lived bloom (6-7 days) occurred in January 1993. The dominant dinoflagellate species comprised of Peridinium quinquecorne (> 90% total cell count) with considerable proportion of Protoperidinium excentricum. Ciliophora consisting of Tintinopsis sp. and Favella sp. were also present during the bloom period. The total ash, chlorophyll, phaeopigment, lipid and fatty acid content of the microplankton were studied. Considerable amounts (6-11% of the total fatty acid) of the polyunsaturated fatty acid 18:3w3 (linolenic acid) were present in the microplankton. However, high amounts of 20:5w3 (eicosapentanoic acid) and 22:6w3 (docosahexaenoic acid) were present with variable but usually high amounts of 22:4w6 and 22:5w6 acids. The latter microplankton bloom contained higher amounts of 20:5w3 and 22:6w3 acids than the earlier bloom. Lipid content were three to five times higher than chlorophyll a. There was an increase with successive day after bloom outbreak in the relative proportion of total C18, C20, and C22 fatty acid components. The algae microplankton contained the w3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) probably needed for the growth and survival rate of grazing pond animals.
Authors:
L Shamsudin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physiology and biochemistry     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1381-3455     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Physiol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  1996  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-25     Completed Date:  1996-10-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9510153     Medline TA:  Arch Physiol Biochem     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, University Pertanian Malaysia, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dinoflagellida / chemistry*
Fatty Acids / analysis*
Fisheries*
Lipids / analysis*
Malaysia
Oceans and Seas
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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