Document Detail


Lip-closing function of elderly people during ingestion: comparison with young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20572436     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this study the relationship between the functional vertical labial pressure and aging during ingestion in the elderly is examined. The subjects were 84 community-dwelling elderly (mean: 79.4 years old), 109 elderly needing long term care (mean: 81.3 years old), and 59 healthy young adults (mean: 32.0 years old) as control. Labial pressure was measured with a pressure sensor embedded in acrylic plate. There was no correlation between age and labial pressure or the coefficient of variation of labial pressure during ingestion. In people with a history of "choking on food", labial pressure was, however, significantly lower (p < 0.01) than people without a history of "choking on food", while the coefficient of variation of labial pressure was significantly higher (p < 0.05). Poor labial pressure and movement were noted in subjects who experienced "choking on food", suggesting that lip-closing function also plays an important role in the pharyngeal stage of feeding/swallowing. On the other hand, the coefficient of variation of labial pressure during ingestion was not changed in the elderly group in comparison to the control group. These results showed that skilled movement of lip-closing might be compensated by labial pressure. Labial pressure and skilled movement were, however, decreased in the elderly needing care because of "choking on food".
Authors:
Fumiyo Tamura; Tomoko Fukui; Takeshi Kikutani; Reiko Machida; Mitsuyoshi Yoshida; Takeyoshi Yoneyama; Akira Hamura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of orofacial myology : official publication of the International Association of Orofacial Myology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0735-0120     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Orofacial Myology     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-24     Completed Date:  2010-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207532     Medline TA:  Int J Orofacial Myology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-43     Citation Subset:  D    
Affiliation:
Rehabilitation Clinic for Speech and Swallowing Disorders, The Nippon Dental University Hospital, The Nippon Dental University, School of Life Dentistry, Tokyo, Japan. fumita@tokyo.ndu.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology
Deglutition Disorders / physiopathology
Eating / physiology*
Female
Humans
Independent Living
Lip / physiology*
Male
Nursing Homes
Pressure
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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