Document Detail

Lip Competence in Class III Patients Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery: An Electromyographic Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22538026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the presurgical and postsurgical electromyographic (EMG) activities of the lips in patients with skeletal Class III treated with combined orthognathic surgery and contrast these data with those obtained from a control group with skeletal Class I.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with skeletal Class III underwent the registration of EMG activity before an orthognathic surgical procedure and 4 months after surgery. The results were compared with a control group of 11 healthy patients with skeletal Class I and clinical and EMG lip competence. EMG activity was recorded from the upper orbicularis oris and mentalis muscles during swallowing, lips in contact (LC), and lips apart (LA) using bipolar surface electrodes. The competence condition was assessed by determining the difference in the EMG activity of the mentalis muscle (LC-LA ≤0 for lip competence).
RESULTS: Patients with skeletal Class III showed greater EMG activity than the control group before and after surgery. Patients with skeletal Class III showed a significantly greater difference in LC-LA than the control group before surgery for the 2 muscles (P < .05). No significant difference was found between the skeletal Class III group after surgery and the control group for the mentalis muscle (P > .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Four months after treatment with orthognathic surgery, patients with skeletal Class III and an initial muscle activity pattern of lip incompetence different from the control group (P < .05) showed EMG values compatible with lip competence. These values were similar to the control group.
Carlos Nicolet; Daniela Muñoz; Antonio Marino; Andrea Werner; Juan Argandoña
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1531-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e331-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; D; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Clínica Integral del Adulto, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
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