Document Detail

Linking neighborhood characteristics to food insecurity in older adults: the role of perceived safety, social cohesion, and walkability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22160446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Among the 14.6% of American households experiencing food insecurity, approximately 2 million are occupied by older adults. Food insecurity among older adults has been linked to poor health, lower cognitive function, and poor mental health outcomes. While evidence of the association between individual or household-level factors and food insecurity has been documented, the role of neighborhood-level factors is largely understudied. This study uses data from a representative sample of 1,870 New York City senior center participants in 2008 to investigate the relationship between three neighborhood-level factors (walkability, safety, and social cohesion) and food insecurity among the elderly. Issues relating to food security were measured by three separate outcome measures: whether the participant had a concern about having enough to eat this past month (concern about food security), whether the participant was unable to afford food during the past year (insufficient food intake related to financial resources), and whether the participant experienced hunger in the past year related to not being able to leave home (mobility-related food insufficiency). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression was performed for each measure of food insecurity. Results indicate that neighborhood walkability is an important correlate of mobility-related food insufficiency and concern about food insecurity, even after controlling the effects of other relevant factors.
Wai Ting Chung; William T Gallo; Nancy Giunta; Maureen E Canavan; Nina S Parikh; Marianne C Fahs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1468-2869     ISO Abbreviation:  J Urban Health     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-06     Completed Date:  2012-10-04     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9809909     Medline TA:  J Urban Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  407-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
CUNY School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Food Supply / economics,  statistics & numerical data*
Middle Aged
Mobility Limitation*
New York City
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
Social Support*

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