Document Detail


Limiting disproportionate disaccommodation in design for human variability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24206449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the design of artefacts, tasks and environments for human use, the body dimensions of the target population are a critical element in spatial optimisation of the design. This study examines how the choices designers make affect the ability of different user groups to safely and effectively interact with a designed artefact. Due to the variability in body size and shape across different demographic groups, heterogeneous user populations are unlikely to experience uniform levels of performance. The associated variability in the rate of unacceptable user conditions is referred to here as disproportionate disaccommodation. This is both an ethical and a performance concern that can partially be addressed through improved design practice. Three methods for incorporating the consideration of user demographics and the corresponding variability in body size and shape are presented. They are compared with a baseline strategy in terms of accommodation and cost.
Authors:
Charlotte de Vries; Matthew B Parkinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ergonomics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1366-5847     ISO Abbreviation:  Ergonomics     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373220     Medline TA:  Ergonomics     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Department of Mechanical Engineering , The Pennsylvania State University , University Park , PA 16802 , USA.
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