Document Detail

Limitations of Neoseiulus baraki and Proctolaelaps bickleyi as control agents of Aceria guerreronis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22270113     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Several predatory mites have been found in association with the coconut mite, Aceria guerreronis Keifer, in northeast Brazil. However, the latter still causes damage to coconut in that region. The objectives of this work were to compare the frequencies of occurrence of Neoseiulus (Phytoseiidae) and Proctolaelaps (Melicharidae) species on standing and aborted coconuts in coastal Pernambuco State, northeast Brazil and to analyze their possible limitations as control agents of the coconut mite, based on evaluations of the restrictions they may have to access the microhabitat inhabited by the pest and their functional and reproductive responses to increasing densities of the latter. Neoseiulus baraki (Athias-Henriot) was found mostly on standing coconuts whereas Proctolaelaps bickleyi (Bram) was found mostly on aborted coconuts. Measurements of the entrance to the microhabitat occupied by the coconut mite, between the bracts and the subjacent fruit surface, showed that this different pattern of predator prevalence could be related to predator sizes, although other environmental factors could not be disregarded. Progressively higher predation rate of N. baraki was observed up to an experimental density that corresponded to 1,200 coconut mites per fruit, which is close to the average number determined in northeast Brazil, reducing slightly afterwards. Predation rate of P. bickleyi reduced consistently but slightly with increasing prey densities, but in absolute values, rates were always much higher than determined for N. baraki. The excessively high killing capacity of P. bickleyi, probably related to its high feeding requirement, may be detrimental in terms of stability. In fact, such high requirement for food suggests that P. bickleyi might not have a strong relation with the coconut mite and that the latter may not be its main food source under natural conditions. It is concluded that body sizes of both predators and the exceedingly high feeding requirement of P. bickleyi may limit their performance as control agents of the coconut mite.
Debora B Lima; José Wagner da Silva Melo; Manoel G C Gondim; Gilberto J De Moraes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental & applied acarology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1572-9702     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507436     Medline TA:  Exp Appl Acarol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Depto. Agronomia; Área de Fitossanidade, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, 52171-900, Recife, PE, Brazil,
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