Document Detail

Limb ischemia during femoral cannulation for cardiopulmonary support.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20615644     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and extracorporeal cardiopulmonary support (ECMO/CPS) are potentially life-saving techniques for patients with cardiopulmonary collapse. Complications include lower extremity ischemia from femoral artery cannulation. We examined the outcomes of patients placed on ECMO/CPS, including the rate of limb ischemia.
METHODS: All instances of ECMO/CPS over a 3-year period (2006-2009) at a single university hospital were examined retrospectively for cannulation strategy, perfusion strategy, mortality, and limb ischemia. Potential predictors of limb ischemia with femoral artery cannulation were age, gender, body surface area (BSA), body mass index (BMI), and arterial cannula size.
RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were placed on ECMO/CPS. Of these, 43 patients (74%) had femoral arterial cannulation. In 10 patients, the superficial femoral artery (SFA) was cannulated prophylactically (without antecedent limb ischemia) and perfused in the antegrade direction from a branch of the ECMO/CPS circuit. In 7 of the remaining 33 patients (21%), limb ischemia developed requiring decannulation with fasciotomy (n = 4) or additional cannulation of the SFA with branching of the ECMO/CPS circuit (n = 3). One patient with ipsilateral leg ischemia required eventual amputation. Patients with limb ischemia were significantly younger than those who did not develop limb ischemia (P = .001). BSA, BMI, and cannula size did not predict limb ischemia. Overall 30-day mortality following the initiation of ECMO/CPS was 79%. There was no correlation between limb ischemia and mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: Younger patients may be at increased risk for lower extremity arterial insufficiency with femoral cannulation for ECMO/CPS. Prophylactic or expectant SFA cannulation are reasonable approaches.
Paul J Foley; Rohinton J Morris; Edward Y Woo; Michael A Acker; Grace J Wang; Ronald M Fairman; Benjamin M Jackson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-04     Completed Date:  2010-10-28     Revised Date:  2012-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  850-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiopulmonary Bypass / adverse effects*,  mortality
Catheterization, Peripheral / adverse effects*,  mortality
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / adverse effects*,  mortality
Femoral Artery*
Hospitals, University
Ischemia / etiology*,  mortality,  therapy
Logistic Models
Lower Extremity / blood supply*
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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