Document Detail


Light-emitting diode vs halogen light curing of orthodontic brackets: a 15-month clinical study of bond failures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17920506     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Previous in-vitro investigations reported no significant differences in the bond strength of brackets cured with conventional halogen lamps and those cured with light-emitting diodes (LED), even though LED curing times are much shorter. However, it is not known how LED curing performs in the oral cavity. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of brackets cured with 2 light-curing units: a conventional halogen unit and an LED. METHODS: Thirty patients treated with fixed appliances were included in this study. The bonding followed a contralateral quadrant pattern: in each patient, 2 quadrants were cured with the conventional halogen unit, and the other 2 quadrants were cured with the LED unit. The study had a single blind controlled design with a within-patient comparison of the 2 curing techniques, and the patients were allocated randomly. A total of 544 stainless steel brackets were examined for bracket failure. Location (tooth), cause, and date of failure were recorded over 15 months. Statistical analyses were performed with the Kaplan-Meier survival estimates and the log rank test. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found in total bond failure rate or in mean survival time between brackets cured with the halogen light and those cured with the LED. Neither were significant differences found between the 2 lights when the clinical performances of the maxillary and mandibular arches were compared, or when the posterior and anterior segments were compared. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that curing with an LED does not result in more bond failures or shorter time to failure when compared with conventional halogen light curing. Curing with an LED is an acceptable alternative to conventional halogen light curing.
Authors:
N Rengarajan Krishnaswamy; Chakravarthi Sunitha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  132     ISSN:  1097-6752     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-08     Completed Date:  2007-10-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  518-23     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India. ennar@md3.vsnl.net.in
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Dental Alloys
Dental Bonding / instrumentation*
Dental Equipment
Dental Stress Analysis
Equipment Failure
Female
Halogens
Humans
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Light*
Male
Orthodontic Brackets*
Phase Transition
Resin Cements / radiation effects*
Semiconductors
Single-Blind Method
Stainless Steel
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Alloys; 0/Halogens; 0/Resin Cements; 0/Transbond XT; 12597-68-1/Stainless Steel

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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