Document Detail

Light-controlled tuning of the optical properties of nanoporous glass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25401589     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Materials having tunable optical properties are of great interest for photonic applications. Promising candidates in that context are transparent nanoporous media whose optical properties change after infiltration of a liquid into the pores. Herein we present an all-optical method to tune the light scattering properties of a nanoporous glass based on the light-induced phase change of the fluid filling the pores. The thermodynamic state of the gas inside the nanopores determines the light scattering, thereby the light transmission. The extent of capillary condensation inside the nanoscale pores is controlled by heat generated from light absorption inside the medium. The material can be configured in such a way that a laser beam of sufficient intensity either opens up or shuts down its own light path on a time scale of a few seconds. The scattering events inside the medium change the beam profile from Gaussian to super-Gaussian with a more homogeneous intensity distribution close to the beam axis. Our results demonstrate a new way of tuning the light transmission properties of nanoporous materials that could find various applications in integrated optical systems and optofluidic devices.
Subramanyan Namboodiri Varanakkottu; Hendryk Engelbart; Sumit Joshi; Martin Still; Wenjia Xiao; Steffen Hardt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optics express     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1094-4087     ISO Abbreviation:  Opt Express     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137103     Medline TA:  Opt Express     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25560-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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