Document Detail


Light Damage as a Model of Retinal Degeneration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23150362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The induction of retinal degeneration by light exposure is widely used to study mechanisms of cell death. The advantage of such light-induced lesions over genetically determined degenerations is that light exposures can be manipulated according to the needs of the experimenter. Bright white light exposure can induce a synchronized burst of apoptosis in photoreceptors in a large retinal area which permits to study cellular and molecular events in a controlled fashion. Blue light of high energy induces a hot spot of high retinal irradiance within very short exposure durations (seconds to minutes) and may help to unravel the initial events after light absorption which may be similar for all damage regimens. These initial events may then induce various molecular signaling pathways and secondary effects such as lipid and protein oxidation, which may be varying in different light damage setups and different strains or species, respectively. Blue light lesions also allow to study cellular responses in a circumscribed retinal area (hot spot) in comparison with the surrounding tissue.Here we describe the methods for short-term exposures (within the hours range) to bright full-spectrum white light and for short exposures (seconds to minutes) to high-energy monochromatic blue or green light.
Authors:
Christian Grimm; Charlotte E Remé
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)     Volume:  935     ISSN:  1940-6029     ISO Abbreviation:  Methods Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214969     Medline TA:  Methods Mol Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  87-97     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Lab for Retinal Cell Biology, Department Ophthalmology, University of Zürich, Schlieren, Switzerland, cgrimm@opht.uzh.ch.
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