Document Detail

Lifetime of reusable syringes and needles. A field study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8362459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
For planning of supplies and costs it is important for an immunization unit to know how many times reusable syringes and needles can be used. A field study found that BCG syringes, which had their rubber seals replaced once, could be used at least 150 times, and DPT syringes more than 200 times even when sterilized in tap water with a hardness of 88 mg calciumoxyde per liter. Needles could be used 100 times and when resharpened several times even more.
P E Kofoed; A K Rahman; M Bairagee; B Nielsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical and geographical medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0041-3232     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Geogr Med     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-30     Completed Date:  1993-09-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376231     Medline TA:  Trop Geogr Med     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  140-1     Citation Subset:  IM    
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka.
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MeSH Terms
Calcium / analysis
Calcium Compounds*
Durable Medical Equipment / economics,  utilization*
Equipment Failure
Health Care Costs
Health Planning
Immunization / economics,  instrumentation*
Materials Testing
Needles / classification,  economics,  utilization*
Oxides / analysis
Sterilization / methods*
Syringes / classification,  economics,  utilization*
Water Supply / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Compounds; 0/Oxides; 1305-78-8/lime; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 9006-04-6/Rubber

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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