Document Detail

Lifetime organophosphorous insecticide use among private pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22854518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Organophosphorous insecticides (OPs) are the most commonly used insecticides in US agriculture, but little information is available regarding specific OP use by individual farmers. We describe OP use for licensed private pesticide applicators from Iowa and North Carolina in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) using lifetime pesticide use data from 701 randomly selected male participants collected at three time periods. Of 27 OPs studied, 20 were used by >1%. Overall, 95% had ever applied at least one OP. The median number of different OPs used was 4 (maximum=13). Malathion was the most commonly used OP (74%) followed by chlorpyrifos (54%). OP use declined over time. At the first interview (1993-1997), 68% of participants had applied OPs in the past year; by the last interview (2005-2007), only 42% had. Similarly, median annual application days of OPs declined from 13.5 to 6 days. Although OP use was common, the specific OPs used varied by state, time period, and individual. Much of the variability in OP use was associated with the choice of OP, rather than the frequency or duration of application. Information on farmers' OP use enhances our ability to characterize and understand the potential health effects of multiple OP exposures.
Jane A Hoppin; Stuart Long; David M Umbach; Jay H Lubin; Sarah E Starks; Fred Gerr; Kent Thomas; Cynthia J Hines; Scott Weichenthal; Freya Kamel; Stella Koutros; Michael Alavanja; Laura E Beane Freeman; Dale P Sandler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural     Date:  2012-08-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1559-064X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-22     Completed Date:  2013-03-18     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262796     Medline TA:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  584-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Epidemiology Branch, NIEHS, NIH, DHHS, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709-2233, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
North Carolina
Organophosphorus Compounds*
Private Sector*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Organophosphorus Compounds

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