Document Detail


Lifetime cumulative incidence of syncope in the general population: a study of 549 Dutch subjects aged 35-60 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17074006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: There are limited and conflicting data on the lifetime cumulative incidence of syncope in the general population. The aim of our study was to determine the lifetime cumulative incidence and triggers of syncope in the general population. METHODS: Questions about syncope were added to a cross-sectional survey on cardiovascular risk factors carried out between 2001 and 2003 in 549 native Dutch respondents, aged 35-60 years. RESULTS: The lifetime cumulative incidence of syncope in our study population was 35% (95% confidence interval 31-39%). Syncope occurred more often in women than in men (41% vs 28%; P = 0.003). A peak in the incidence of syncope occurred around the age of 15 years in both men and women. The median number of episodes in persons with syncope was 2 (Inter Quartile Range 1-5). The top five most frequently mentioned triggers of syncope included warm environment, pain, insufficient food intake, seeing blood/venipuncture, and emotion. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study shows that the lifetime cumulative incidence of syncope in the general population is high. Females experience syncope more often than males. The majority of the syncope triggers were related to conditions that affect orthostatic blood pressure regulation and vasomotor responses.
Authors:
Karin S Ganzeboom; Gideon Mairuhu; Johannes B Reitsma; Mark Linzer; Wouter Wieling; Nynke van Dijk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1540-8167     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-31     Completed Date:  2007-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010756     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1172-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Academic Medcial Hospital, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Netherlands / epidemiology
Population Groups
Survival Rate / trends*
Syncope / epidemiology*,  physiopathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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