Document Detail


Lifestyle risk factors for chronic disease across family origin among adults in multiethnic, low-income, urban neighborhoods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18072375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and co-occurrence of lifestyle risk factors for chronic disease by family origin. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: Multiethnic, low-income, urban neighborhoods in Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 2033 adults (42.2% male), mean age 39.7 (standard deviation 6.4) years OUTCOME MEASURES: Smoking, level of physical activity, dietary habits, body mass index. METHODS: Subjects completed self-report questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, height, weight, and lifestyle behaviors. We tested family origin (based on language first learned in childhood and country of birth) as an independent correlate of co-occurrence (having at least two lifestyle risk factors) in multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The prevalence of smoking and poor diet was highest among participants of French Canadian family origin. Although physical inactivity was uniformly high across family origins, it was highest among participants of Portuguese, Italian, and Haitian family origin. Obesity was highest among Europeans. The prevalence of smoking was lowest among Haitians; poor diet was lowest among South Asians; and physical inactivity was lowest among Eastern Europeans. Obesity was lowest among Asians, with the exception that 55.9% of South Asians were overweight or obese. Relative to French Canadians, adults in all other family-origin groups had a lower risk of co-occurrence of lifestyle risk factors. Adults of Asian family origin had the lowest prevalence of co-occurrence of lifestyle risk factors. CONCLUSION: Variation in the distribution of lifestyle risk factors may explain in part differences in chronic disease morbidity and mortality across ethnic groups. Prevention programs should take differential distribution of lifestyle risk factors by ethnicity into account.
Authors:
Jennifer O'Loughlin; Katerina Maximova; Ye Tan; Katherine Gray-Donald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & disease     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1049-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Dis     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-12     Completed Date:  2008-02-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109034     Medline TA:  Ethn Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  657-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Canada. jennifer.oloughlin@mcgill.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease / epidemiology,  ethnology*
Continental Population Groups / ethnology
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Food Habits / ethnology
Health Surveys*
Humans
Life Style / ethnology*
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Poverty Areas
Prevalence
Quebec / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Smoking / epidemiology
Urban Population
Comments/Corrections
Summary for patients in:
Ethn Dis. 2007 Autumn;17(4):764-5   [PMID:  18074609 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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