Document Detail

Lifestyle and hypertension--an overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10423098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dietary and other lifestyle factors play a major role in the prevalence of hypertension. Many of the behaviours likely to reduce blood pressure also have independent beneficial effects on other cardiovascular risk factors to general health and survival. This is particularly the case with weight control, exercise, dietary patterns characterised by a low intake of saturated fat and a high intake of fruit, vegetables and fish and moderation of heavy alcohol consumption. High salt intakes remain a major contributor to hypertension, especially when potassium intake is low. Smoking has a dominant effect in increasing cardiovascular risk in hypertensives. Clustering of risk factors is often associated with clustering of unhealthy lifestyle characteristics and both are most prominent in lower socio-economic groups and in Developing Countries adopting a more sedentary lifestyle and Western diet patterns. Recent trials suggest substantial cardiovascular benefits by a combination of weight control and sodium moderation in the elderly, by non-vegetarian diets rich in fruit and vegetables and low in saturated fat, and by incorporation of regular fish meals into weight control diets.
L J Beilin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1064-1963     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Hypertens.     Publication Date:    1999 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-01     Completed Date:  1999-12-01     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305929     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
University Department of Medicine, and West Australian Heart Research Institute, Royal Perth Hospital.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
Fatty Acids
Hypertension / diagnosis*,  etiology*,  psychology
Life Style*
Potassium, Dietary / metabolism
Risk Factors
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / adverse effects
Weight Loss
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Potassium, Dietary; 0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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