Document Detail


Lifestyle and cardiovascular health in school adolescents from São Paulo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20563516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. There is evidence demonstrating the association of this disease with cardiovascular risk factors related to lifestyle, incorporated in adolescence.
OBJECTIVE: To identify, in adolescents, the prevalence of overweight and lifestyle factors associated with risk for developing cardiovascular diseases, and the factors that influence them.
METHODS: It was conducted an observational study of individual cross-sectional data with adolescents enrolled in public and private schools in São Paulo, covering grades 5 to 8 of elementary school. The information was obtained through the application of an anonymous questionnaire and weight and height measurements.
RESULTS: 2,125 adolescents with mean age of 12.9 years were studied. From the total sample: 14.4% to 32.1% did not practice sports or competitions; 56.0% to 73.6% remained more than two hours watching TV, playing video game or working on the computer; approximately 80% consumed fruits and vegetables improperly; 34.9% to 45.3% reported high salt consumption; and 60.9% to 74.4% reported consumption of soft drinks. Prevalence of overweight ranged from 18.7% to 41.6%.
CONCLUSION: In school adolescents, this study found high prevalence of risk factors associated with the development of cardiovascular disease in adults. Further studies are required to better understand how these risk factors are related and thus enable the implementation of preventive measures in adolescence in order to prevent cardiovascular disease in adults.
Authors:
Inês Lancarotte; Moacyr Roberto Nobre; Rachel Zanetta; Marcio Polydoro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1678-4170     ISO Abbreviation:  Arq. Bras. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421031     Medline TA:  Arq Bras Cardiol     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  61-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Instituto do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo. dclinez@incor.usp.br
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