Document Detail


Lifelong physical activity affects mini mental state exam scores in individuals over 55 years of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22464122     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: The positive effects of physical activity on cognition have been widely documented. Human studies and the results obtained from animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have shown that if commenced early in life, exercise effectively reduces the development of cognitive deficits caused by aging. In the present study, the scores on Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) of individuals over 55 years old who had a history of exercising have been compared to those without a history of exercising.
METHODS: This research was carried out on 273 individuals over 55 years of age. The subjects were randomly chosen from different areas of Mashhad and from exercise clubs. Each person completed a personal information form containing data such as demographics in addition to details of their involvement in sporting activity. Subjects were categorized as follows: 1- non-exercised, 2- exercised. The people in group 2 were then divided into non-professionally exercised (with a history of 2-10 years exercising) or professionally - exercised subjects (i.e. people who were currently, or had previously been members of an exercise club and/or had been trained for at least 10 years).
RESULT: Out of 273 subjects questioned in the present study, 229 were males and 44 were females. The MMSE score in men was significantly higher than women (p < 0.001). The exercised individuals of both sexes had significantly higher scores compared to non-exercised group (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between professionally- exercised individuals of either sex in comparison with exercised ones.
CONCLUSION: It is suggested that lifelong physical activity and exercise affects cognitive performance in old age.
Authors:
Habibollah Nemati Karimooy; Mahmoud Hosseini; Maryam Nemati; Habib Ollah Esmaily
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-09-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bodywork and movement therapies     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1532-9283     ISO Abbreviation:  J Bodyw Mov Ther     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9700068     Medline TA:  J Bodyw Mov Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  230-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
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