Document Detail

Life under water: physiological adaptations to diving and living at sea.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23723028     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This review covers the field of diving physiology by following a chronological approach and focusing heavily on marine mammals. Because the study of modern diving physiology can be traced almost entirely to the work of Laurence Irving in the 1930s, this particular field of physiology is different than most in that it did not derive from multiple laboratories working at many locations or on different aspects of a similar problem. Because most of the physiology principles still used today were first formulated by Irving, it is important to the study of this field that the sequence of thought is examined as a progression of theory. The review covers the field in roughly decadal blocks and traces ideas as they were first suggested, tested, modified and in some cases, abandoned. Because diving physiology has also been extremely dependent on new technologies used in the development of diving recorders, a chronological approach fits well with advances in electronics and mechanical innovation. There are many species that dive underwater as part of their natural behavior, but it is mainly the marine mammals (seals, sea lions, and whales) that demonstrate both long duration and dives to great depth. There have been many studies on other diving species including birds, snakes, small aquatic mammals, and humans. This work examines these other diving species as appropriate and a listing of reviews and relevant literature on these groups is included at the end. © 2012 American Physiological Society. Compr Physiol 2:1889-1919, 2012.
Michael Castellini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comprehensive Physiology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  2040-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Compr Physiol     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101574442     Medline TA:  Compr Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1889-919     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.
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