Document Detail


Life survival and cardiovascular structures following selective beta-blockade in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7910029     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to assess life survival, and arterial and cardiac structural changes following chronic selective beta-blockade in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Twenty-two SHR aged 3 months and 20 SHR aged 18 months were treated with the beta 1-blocking agent bisoprolol (10 mg/kg/day) or placebo for a period of 2 months. At the end of this period left and right ventricular weight and morphometric parameters of five different arterial segments (thoracic and abdominal aorta, renal, mesenteric, and carotid arteries) were evaluated. In younger SHR, systolic blood pressure (tail-cuff method) was significantly lower in drug-treated animals (225 +/- 15 v 185 +/- 10 mm Hg in placebo-treated animals; P < .001); left ventricular weight was significantly lower in drug-treated rats (0.845 +/- 0.02 v 0.932 +/- 0.03 g; P < .05); medial thickness was significantly lower in the bisoprolol-treated rats at the site of the thoracic (-22%) and abdominal (-17%) aorta, and mesenteric artery (-29%); in the renal and carotid arteries, no change in medial thickness was observed. In older SHR, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality were significantly higher (P < .01) in the placebo group. In bisoprolol-treated animals, systolic blood pressure did not change and was even significantly higher than in controls. Heart weight and medial thickness of the thoracic aorta and the renal arteries were significantly lower in the Bisoprolol group. These results provide evidence that 2 months of selective beta-blockade in adult SHR has an important antihypertrophic cardiac and vascular effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
A Benetos; P Poitevin; P L Prost; M E Safar; B I Levy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0895-7061     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-16     Completed Date:  1994-06-16     Revised Date:  2009-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Broussais Hospital, Paris, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use*
Aging / physiology
Animals
Arteries / pathology
Bisoprolol / therapeutic use
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Body Weight / drug effects
Cardiovascular System / pathology*
Hypertension / drug therapy*,  mortality,  pathology
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / pathology
Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular / pathology
Male
Organ Size / physiology
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 66722-44-9/Bisoprolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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