Document Detail


Life span of beef-type Bos taurus and Bos indicus x Bos taurus females in a dry, temperate climate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1885355     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Females representing Hereford, Red Poll, F1 Hereford x Red Poll, F1 Red Poll x Hereford, F1 Angus x Hereford, F1 Angus x Charolais, F1 Brahman x Hereford, and F1 Brahman x Angus breed types were evaluated from birth until 10 yr of age. Of 308 females born alive, 35.7% died or were culled because of injury, serious illness, or reproductive failure. Breed types differed (P less than .01) in total number of mating seasons per cow and total number of progeny born and weaned. Values for lifetime total number of calves weaned were as follows: Hereford, 4.54; Red Poll, 5.45; Hereford x Red Poll, 4.45; Red Poll x Hereford, 5.49; Angus x Hereford, 5.98; Angus x Charolais, 5.57; Brahman x Hereford, 6.96; and Brahman x Angus, 6.22. Brahman crosses (P less than .01) and Angus x Charolais (P less than .10) exceeded Hereford dams in lifetime total number of calves weaned but did not differ from Angus x Herefords. Analysis of the Hereford-Red Poll diallel showed no evidence of heterosis in life span traits. Results indicate that breed type was a major source of variation in reproductive life span of beef-type females. F1 Bos indicus crosses and Angus x Herefords were outstanding in longevity.
Authors:
C M Bailey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1991 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-07     Completed Date:  1991-10-07     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2379-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Nevada, Reno 89557.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breeding*
Cattle / physiology*
Climate
Female
Longevity*
Nevada
Probability
Regression Analysis
Reproduction

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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