Document Detail

Life cycle human toxicity assessment of pesticides: comparing fruit and vegetable diets in Switzerland and the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19729188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Food consumption represents the dominant exposure pathway of the general public to pesticides. In this paper, we characterize the lifelong cumulative human health damage from ingestion of pesticides contained in fruits and vegetables in Switzerland and the United States. We evaluated pesticide residues in 62,151 food samples. Chemical specific concentrations were combined with pesticide emission data and information on country-specific diets and chemical toxicity to assess the human health impacts of 51 food commodities and national average diets. Furthermore, a list of characterization factors for pesticide ingestion via food was calculated for use in life cycle impact assessment. On average, the Swiss population takes in via food ingestion 0.41g of every 1kg of pesticide applied during agricultural cultivation. The corresponding value in the United States is 0.51. Intake fractions based on experimental monitoring data were compared with outputs from the USEtox model for life cycle impact assessment of toxic substances. The modeled intake fractions were underestimated by up to two orders of magnitude. However, even when using the monitored residue concentration data, the absolute health damage via fruits and vegetable ingestion was small: The potential lifelong damage of pesticides is estimated to be only 4.2 and 3.2 min of life lost per person in Switzerland and the United States, respectively. The results of this study indicate that pesticide intake due to the ingestion of fruits and vegetables consumed in Switzerland and the United States does not lead to significant human health damages.
Ronnie Juraske; Christopher L Mutel; Franziska Stoessel; Stefanie Hellweg
Related Documents :
15261548 - Runoff-related agricultural impact in relation to macroinvertebrate communities of the ...
12400438 - Long-term impacts of an organophosphate-based regime of pesticides on field and field-e...
17956448 - Low rls prevalence and awareness in central greece: an epidemiological survey.
3270518 - Pesticide residue control in the years 1980-1982.
23605408 - Deoxynivalenol in grain and grain products.
21266178 - Central injection of des-acyl chicken ghrelin does not affect food intake in chicks.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2009-09-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1879-1298     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-19     Completed Date:  2009-12-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  939-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
ETH Zurich, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Schafmattstrasse 6, CH-8093 Z??rich, Switzerland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Fruit / chemistry*
Pesticide Residues / analysis,  toxicity*
Pesticides / analysis,  toxicity*
Risk Assessment
United States
Vegetables / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  DNA damage in A549 cells exposed to different extracts of PM(2.5) from industrial, urban and highway...
Next Document:  Artisanal alcohol production in Mayan Guatemala: Chemical safety evaluation with special regard to a...